Name of Protein
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
Promotes neuronal survival and differentiation| regulates energy balance
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a protein that plays a vital role in the survival, growth, and maintenance of neurons. It belongs to the neurotrophin family, which is crucial for the development and function of the nervous system. BDNF is predominantly expressed in the brain, with high concentrations in the hippocampus and cortex. It is essential for synaptic plasticity, learning, and memory processes. BDNF has also been implicated in the regulation of energy balance and appetite, as it interacts with the hypothalamus, a key brain region for controlling food intake and energy expenditure. Dysregulation of BDNF has been associated with various neurological and psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, and neurodegenerative diseases, making it an important target for therapeutic interventions.