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Molecular Type (Organic)

Useful TYPES of Molecules

Cellular function is a result of interactions between many types of molecules.

Gives a bit more information about body function than simple molecular composition.

Molecular Type (Organic)

Molecular Type

Here is a list of 20 common organic chemical types found in the human body, based on their chemical structure:

  1. Alcohols (e.g., ethanol, glycerol)

  2. Aldehydes (e.g., formaldehyde, acetaldehyde)

  3. Ketones (e.g., acetone, acetoacetate)

  4. Carboxylic acids (e.g., acetic acid, lactic acid)

  5. Esters (e.g., ethyl acetate, triglycerides)

  6. Amides (e.g., acetamide, urea)

  7. Amines (e.g., serotonin, histamine)

  8. Imidazoles (e.g., histidine, histamine)

  9. Thiols (e.g., cysteine, glutathione)

  10. Ethers (e.g., dimethyl ether, anisole)

  11. Phenols (e.g., tyrosine, dopamine)

  12. Quinones (e.g., ubiquinone, menaquinone)

  13. Nucleotides (e.g., adenosine monophosphate, guanosine monophosphate)

  14. Carbohydrates (e.g., glucose, fructose)

  15. Fatty acids (e.g., palmitic acid, oleic acid)

  16. Amino acids (e.g., glycine, alanine)

  17. Peptides (e.g., oxytocin, vasopressin)

  18. Proteins (e.g., collagen, hemoglobin)

  19. Lipids (e.g., phospholipids, cholesterol)

  20. Steroids (e.g., testosterone, cortisol)

These organic chemical types are the building blocks of various biomolecules in the human body, and they play crucial roles in the structure and function of cells, tissues, and organ systems.

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